At some point, everyone will experience presbyopia. This universal refractive disorder is a normal consequence of the aging process. Over time, your eye’s natural lens will begin to harden and become inflexible, making it difficult to focus on close-up objects. Presbyopia is the reason why people over the age of 40 typically need reading glasses or bifocals.
Ideally, the natural lenses in your eyes should be soft and flexible, allowing them to easily change shape whenever you need to focus on different objects at different distances. This natural focusing ability is called “accommodation.”
As you age, however, the proteins in your lenses will become stiffer and less flexible, limiting your eyes’ natural ability to accommodate. When this happens, close objects will become increasingly blurry and out-of-focus, making it difficult to read and see fine details.
Bifocals vs. Reading Glasses
If you already wear glasses for another refractive error (such as myopia, hyperopia, or astigmatism), you will most likely be prescribed with bifocals to correct presbyopia. The double lenses in bifocals correct your regular prescription along with presbyopia.
If you wear contact lenses – or if you never needed corrective lenses in the past – you should only need basic reading glasses to treat presbyopia.
Refractive Lens Exchange (RLE)
Refractive lens exchange is a great option for patients who have lost their ability to “accommodate” and can no longer read fine print without the aid of reading spectacles. For this procedure, we surgically remove your natural crystalline lens and replace it with a multifocal lens implant to improve your “range of vision.” Schedule an appointment with Brooks Eye Associates to see if you may be a candidate for refractive lens exchange
If you have further questions about presbyopia, please contact Brooks Eye Associates today or call (972) 736-9347 to schedule an appointment. We serve patients in North Texas, including Plano, Frisco, and Dallas.